Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders

What is Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy (OMT)?

OMT is a series of therapeutic techniques to re-pattern and optimize oral and facial functions. It is a neurologic re-education. 


of various populations may have Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (aka OMD).


of children with speech/articulation issues likely have OMD’s.

(KELLUM, 1992; MAUL, 1999)

Myofunctional Therapy Includes…

  • Eliminating oral habits
  • Teaching people how to breathe nasally- breathing and reeducation
  • Establish correct oral and facial rest posture
  • Instruction on how to chew and swallow correctly
  • Habituate good habits
  • Correct speech sound errors

Types of Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders Include:

  • Oral habits (thumb sucking / finger sucking / nail biting)
  • Tongue thrust / reverse swallow
  • Open mouth breathing
  • Structural abnormalities (tongue tie, lip tie, enlarged tonsils, torus, clefts, etc.)
  • Lingual scalloping
  • Grinding / clenching of teeth (TMJ issues)
  • Speech sound errors